The European power engineering sector is at the threshold of the second decade of the transformation process. The requirements for energy efficiency as well as use of renewable energy sources should rise by 2030 again. Is transformation of the power engineering under the Brussels control manageable in the Czech Republic or will it mean further extreme pressure on energy consumers’ budgets? What is the role played by district heating in this transformation and how can it contribute to this transformation? Will we need district heating and how will it look like? Martin Hájek, Director of the Association for District Heating of the Czech Republic, will try to answer these questions.